Coral reef ecosystems also contribute to the human geography of a region. High winds, heavy rain, storm surge, and flooding associated with these disasters can pull large structures, household products, and outdoor items into surrounding waters. Why do tropical coral reefs prefer high wave energy locations? Coral reefs have some of the highest productivity rates in the world because of their abundance of life. Marine ecosystems generally have low productivity. Areas where cold currents well up continuously from the sea bed, such as the Galapagos coast, are constantly supplied with nutrients and hence are highly productive. Coral reefs are some of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. Productivity of coral reefs 1. Coral polyps, the animals primarily responsible for building reefs, can take many forms: large reef building colonies, graceful flowing fans, and even small, solitary organisms.Thousands of species of corals have been discovered; some live in warm, shallow, tropical seas and others in the cold, dark depths of the ocean. Home / Coral Reefs 101 / Coral Reef Ecology / Coral Reef Biodiversity Coral Reef Biodiversity Biodiversity is the variety of living species that can be found in a particular place—region, ecosystem, planet, etc. The first aspect to understand is that coral reefs are extremely complex ecosystems that depend on many parameters having to be … Scientists have long wondered how corals manage to eke out a living in the nutrient-poor waters they tend to occupy. Pummeled by waves and ocean currents, coral exoskeletons can experience bioerosion . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Coral reefs are oases of high primary productivity in barren tropical seas, and reef-building organisms have changed the face of the earth by creating entire archipelagoes of islands and, over geological time, landforms that have become incorporated in continents. Prior to the 1980s, most mass coral moralities were related to non-thermal disturbances such as storms, aerial exposures during extreme low tides, and Acanthaster outbreaks. Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Indeed, this coral reef paradox has … Rehana Raj DFK 1307 I Ph.D College of Fisheries Mangalore 2. Natural disasters such as hurricanes, tropical storms, tsunamis, and landslides have the potential to be the source of a tremendous amount of marine debris. Coral bleaching accompanied some of the mortality events prior to the 1980s during periods of elevated sea water temperature, but these disturbances were geographically isolated and restricted to particular reefs zones. Start studying geog coasts kq3. This productivity explains why estuaries attract such huge numbers of birds. Introduction Productivity- the rate at which new materials are produced from their precursors by living things; new tissues, offspring, carbohydrates that leak from a cell Productivity of an organism or population- rate at which it turns resources into more of itself The average gross primary productivity of a coral reef system is 4200 (g C m-2 yr-1). Coral reef fishes have developed a wide array of feeding modes to harness the diversity of food sources on coral reefs. These eroded fragments of coral (along with bony fragments of organisms such as foraminifera , mollusks, and crustaceans) create a soft sand known as coral sand. 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